• Stoppel R, Lezhneva L, Schwenkert S, Torabi S, Felder S, Meierhoff M, Westhoff P & Meurer J (2011): Recruitment of a ribosomal release factor for light- and stress-dependent regulation of petB transcript stability in Arabidopsis chloroplasts. Plant Cell 23, doi: 10.1105/tpc.111.085324.
  • Furumoto T, Yamaguchi T, Ohshima-Ichie Y, Nakamura M, Iwata Y, Shimamura M, Ohnishi J, Hata S, Gowik U, Westhoff P, Bräutigam A, Weber APM & Izui K (2011): Identification of a plastidial sodium-dependent pyruvate transporter. Nature 476: 472-475.
  • Gowik U, Bräutigam A, Weber KL, Weber APM & Westhoff P (2011): Evolution of C4 photosynthesis in the genus Flaveria - how many and which genes does it take to make C4? Plant Cell 23: 2087-2105.
  • Catusse J, Meinhard J, Job C, Strub JM, Fischer U, Pestsova E, Westhoff P, Van Dorsselaer A & Job D (2011) Proteomics reveals potential biomarkers of seed vigor in sugarbeet. Proteomics 11: 1569-1580.
  • Bräutigam A, Kajala K, Wullenweber J, Sommer M, Gagneul D, Weber KL, Carr KM, Gowik U, Maß J, Lercher MJ, Westhoff P, Hibberd JM & Weber APM (2011): An mRNA blueprint for C4 photosynthesis derived from comparative transcriptomics of closely related C3 and C4 species. Plant Physiol 155:  142-156.
  • Gowik U & Westhoff P (2011): C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase. In: C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms (AS Raghavendra & RF Sage, eds), Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration, Vol 32. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 257-275.
  • Gowik U & Westhoff P (2011): The path from C3 to C4 photosynthesis. Plant Physiol. 155: 56-63.


  • Westhoff P & Gowik U (2010): Evolution of C4 photosynthesis - looking for the master switch. Plant Physiol 154: 598-601.
  • Newell CA, Brown NJ, Liu Z, Pflug A, Gowik U, Westhoff P & Hibberd JM (2010): Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of Cleome gynandra L., a C(4) dicotyledon that is closely related to Arabidopsis thaliana. J Exp Bot 61: 1311-1319.


  • Wang X, Gowik U, Tang H, Bowers J, Westhoff P & Paterson AH (2009): Comparative genomic analysis of C4 photosynthesis pathway evolution in grasses. Genome Biol 10: R86.
  • Paterson AH, Bowers JE, Bruggmann R, Dubchak I, Grimwood J, Gundlach H, Haberer G, Hellsten U, Mitros TA, Poliakov A, Schmutz J, Spannagl M, Tang H, Wang X, Wicker T, Bharti AK, Chapman J, Feltus FA, Gowik U, Grigoriev IV, Lyons E, Maher CA, Martis M, Narechania A, Otillar RP, Penning BW, Salamov AA, Wang Y, Zhang L, Carpita NC, Freeling M, Gingle AR, Hash CT, Keller B, Klein P, Kresovich S, McCann MC, Ming R, Peterson DG, Rahman M, Ware D, Westhoff P, Mayer KFX, Messing J & Rokhsar DS (2009): The Sorghum bicolor genome and the diversification of grasses. Nature 457: 451-456.


  • Pestsova E, Meinhard J, Menze A, Fischer U, Windhövel A & Westhoff P (2008): Transcript profiles of germination uncover temporal and stress-induced changes of metabolic pathways in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.). BMC Plant Biol 8: 122.
  • Jacobs B, Engelmann S, Westhoff P & Gowik U (2008): Evolution of C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in Flaveria: Determinants for high tolerance towards the inhibitor L-malate. Plant Cell Environ 31: 793-803.
  • Engelmann S, Zogel C, Koczor M, Schlue U, Streubel M & Westhoff P (2008): Evolution of the C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase promoter of the C4 species Flaveria trinervia: the role of the proximal promoter region. BMC Plant Biol 8: 4


  • Engelmann S, Wiludda C, Burscheidt J, Gowik U, Schlue U, Koczor M, Streubel M, Cossu R, Bauwe H & Westhoff P (2007): The gene for the P-subunit of glycine decarboxylase from the C4 species Flaveria trinervia: analysis of transcriptional control in transgenic Flaveria bidentis (C4) and Arabidopsis thaliana (C3). Plant Physiol 146: 1773-1785.
  • Lyska D, Paradies S, Meierhoff K & Westhoff P (2007): HCF208 - An homologue of Chlamydomonas CCB2 is required for accumulation of native cytochrome b6 in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol 48: 1737-1746.
  • Akyildiz M, Gowik U, Engelmann, S. Koczot M, Streubel M & Westhoff P (2007): Evolution and function of a cis-regulatory module for mesophyll-specific gene expression in the C4 dicot Flaveria trinervia. Plant Cell 19: 3391–3402.
  • Schult K, Meierhoff K, Paradies S, Töller T, Wolff P & Westhoff P (2007): The nuclear-encoded factor HCF173 is involved in the initiation of translation of the psbA mRNA in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell 19: 1329-1346
  • Presterl T, Ouzunova M, Schmidt W, Möller EM, Röber FK, Knaak C, Ernst K, Westhoff P & Geiger HH (2007): Quantitative trait loci for early plant vigour of maize grown in chilly environments. Theor Appl Genet 114: 1059-1070.
  • Aseeva E, Ossenbühl F, Sippel C, Cho WK, Stein B, Eichacker LA, Meurer J, Wanner G, Westhoff P, Soll J & Vothknecht UC (2007). Vipp1 is required for basic thylakoid membrane formation but not for the assembly of thylakoid protein complexes. Plant Physiol Biochem 45: 119-128
  • Catusse J, Pestsova E, Bechetoille C, Job C, Meinhard J, Jagonak A, Strub JM, van Dorsselaer A, Fischer U, Westhoff P & Job D. (2007): Betaomics: a combined proteome and transcriptome profiling approach to charcterize seed germination and vigour in sugar beet seeds. In: Seeds: Biology, Development and Ecology (Adkins SW, Ashmore SE & Navie SC, eds), Cromwell Press. Trowbridge. pp 169-178.
  • Gowik U & Westhoff P (2007): Molecular evolution of C4 photosynthesis in the dicot genus Flaveria - implications for the design of a C4 plant. In: Charting New Pathways to C4 Rice (JE Sheehy, PL Mitchell & B Hardy, eds), IRRI/World Scientific, Singapore. pp. 175-194.


  • Lennartz K, Bossmann S, Bechtold N, Westhoff P & Meierhoff K (2006): HCF153, a novel nuclear encoded factor necessary during a posttranslational step of cytochrome b6f complex biogenesis. Plant J 45: 101-112
  • Gowik U, Engelmann S, Bläsing, OE, Raghavendra AS & Westhoff P (2006): Evolution of C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in the genus Alternanthera: gene families and the enzymatic characteristics of the C4 isozyme and its orthologues in C3 and C3/C4 Alternantheras. Planta 223: 359-368.


  • Sane AP, Stein B & Westhoff P (2005): The nuclear gene HCF107 encodes a membrane-associated R-TPR (RNA tetratricopeptide repeat)-containing protein involved in expression of the plastidial psbH gene in Arabidopsis. Plant J 42: 720 -730.


  • Gowik U, Burscheidt J, Akyildiz M, Schlue U, Koczor M, Streubel M & Westhoff P (2004): Cis-regulatory elements for mesophyll-specific  gene expression in the C4 plant Flaveria trinervia - the promoter of the C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase gene. Plant Cell 16: 1077-1099.
  • Westhoff P & Gowik U (2004): Evolution of C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase – genes and proteins: a case study with the genus Flaveria Ann Bot 93: 1-11.


  • Nakamura T, Meierhoff K, Westhoff P & Schuster G (2003): RNA-binding properties of HCF152, an Arabidopsis PPR protein involved in the processing of chloroplast RNA. Eur J Biochem 270: 4070-4081.
  • Renné P, Dreßen U, Hebbeker U, Hille D, Flügge UI, Westhoff P & Weber A (2003): The Arabidopsis mutant dct is deficient in the plastidic glutamate/malate translocator DiT2. Plant J 35: 316-331.
  • Engelmann S, Bläsing OE, Gowik U, Svensson P & Westhoff P (2003): Molecular evolution of C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in the genus Flaveria - a gradual increase from C3 to C4 characteristics. Planta 217: 717-725.
  • Svensson P, Bläsing OE & Westhoff P (2003): Evolution of C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase. Arch Biochem Biophys 414: 180-188.


  • Plücken H, Müller B, Grohmann D, Westhoff P, & Eichacker LA (2002): The HCF136 protein is essential for assembly of the photosystem II reaction center in Arabidopsis thaliana. FEBS Lett 532: 85-90.
  • Engelmann S, Bläsing OE, Westhoff P & Svensson P (2002): Serine 774 and amino acids 296 to 437 comprise the major C4 determinants of the C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase of Flaveria trinervia. FEBS Lett 524: 11-14.
  • Bläsing OE, Ernst K, Streubel M, Westhoff P & Svensson P (2002): The non-photosynthetic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylases of the C4 dicot Flaveria trinervia – implications for the evolution of C4 photosynthesis. Planta 215: 448-456.


  • Lennartz K, Plücken H, Seidler A, Westhoff P, Bechtold N & Meierhoff K (2001): HCF164 encodes a thioredoxin-like protein involved in the biogenesis of the cytochrome b(6)f complex in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 13: 2539-2551.
  • Felder S, Meierhoff M, Sane AP, Meurer J, Driemel C, Plücken H, Klaff P, Stein B, Bechtold N & Westhoff P (2001): The nucleus-encoded HCF107 gene of Arabidopsis provides a link between intercistronic RNA processing and the accumulation of translation-competent psbH transcripts in chloroplasts. Plant Cell 13: 2127-2141.
  • Kroll D, Meierhoff K, Bechtold N, Kinoshita M, Westphal S, Vothknecht U, Soll J & Westhoff P (2001): VIPP1, a nuclear gene of Arabidopsis thaliana essential for thylakoid membrane formation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98: 4238-4242.
  • Vothknecht UC & Westhoff P (2001) Biogenesis and origin of thylakoid membranes Biochim Biophys Acta 1541: 91-101.
  • Herrmann RG & Westhoff P (2001): Thylakoid biogenesis: the result of a complex phylogenetic puzzle. In: Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration, Volume 11: Regulation of Photosysnthesis (Aro E-M & Andersson B, eds) Kluwer Academic Publishers,  Dordrecht/Boston/London, pp. 1-28.  
Verantwortlich für den Inhalt: E-Mail sendenProf. Dr. Peter Westhoff